Species of Special Concern

Many birds in Washington are showing signs of decline due to habitat loss and other environmental threats. Some of these species are still relatively common and widespread while others have all but disappeared from the state. After careful scientific monitoring, various government agencies and non-governmental organizations formally designate those species deemed most at risk, placing them on special lists in order to provide protection and call attention to their status. Designations from four of the most important lists are compiled in the table below: the federal List of Threatened and Endangered Species (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), the Audubon/American Bird Conservancy Watch List, the state Species of Concern list (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife), and the Audubon Washington Vulnerable Birds list.

Click on the name at the head of the column for further details about each list, or on a species' name on the table to go to its BirdWeb account.

Federal Endangered Species ListAudubon/American Bird Conservancy Watch ListState Endangered Species ListAudubon Washington Vulnerable Birds List
Brant------Early Warning
Cackling Goose
(Aleutian subspecies)
----MonitoredEarly Warning
Trumpeter Swan--Yellow List--High Concern
Canvasback------Early Warning
Redhead------Early Warning
Harlequin Duck------Early Warning
Barrow's Goldeneye------Early Warning
Hooded Merganser------Early Warning
Greater Sage-GrouseCandidateYellow ListThreatenedImmediate Concern
Sooty Grouse--Red List--Early Warning
Sharp-tailed Grouse----ThreatenedImmediate Concern
Mountain Quail--Yellow List--Early Warning
Common Loon----SensitiveEarly Warning
Yellow-billed Loon--Yellow List----
Horned Grebe----Monitored--
Red-necked Grebe----Monitored--
Western Grebe----CandidateHigh Concern
Clark's Grebe--Yellow ListMonitoredEarly Warning
Laysan Albatross--Red List----
Black-footed Albatross--Red List--Early Warning
Short-tailed AlbatrossEndangeredRed ListCandidate--
Pink-footed Shearwater--Red List--Early Warning
Buller's Shearwater--Yellow List----
Sooty Shearwater--Yellow List----
American White Pelican----EndangeredEarly Warning
Brown PelicanEndangered--EndangeredEarly Warning
Brandt's Cormorant----CandidateEarly Warning
Pelagic Cormorant------Early Warning
American Bittern------Immediate Concern
Great Blue Heron----Monitored--
Great Egret----Monitored--
Green Heron----Monitored--
Black-crowned Night-Heron----Monitored--
Turkey Vulture----Monitored--
Osprey----Monitored--
Bald EagleDelisted - Recovered--SensitiveEarly Warning
Cooper's Hawk------Early Warning
Northern Goshawk----CandidateImmediate Concern
Swainson's Hawk--Yellow ListMonitoredEarly Warning
Ferruginous Hawk----ThreatenedImmediate Concern
Golden Eagle----CandidateHigh Concern
Merlin----CandidateEarly Warning
Gyrfalcon----Monitored--
Peregrine FalconDelisted - Recovered--SensitiveEarly Warning
Prairie Falcon----MonitoredHigh Concern
Sandhill Crane----EndangeredEarly Warning
American Golden-Plover--Yellow List----
Snowy Plover
(Western subspecies)
ThreatenedYellow ListEndangeredImmediate Concern
Black Oystercatcher----MonitoredEarly Warning
Black-necked Stilt----Monitored--
Wandering Tattler--Yellow List----
Upland Sandpiper----Endangered--
Whimbrel------Early Warning
Long-billed Curlew--Yellow ListMonitoredImmediate Concern
Bar-tailed Godwit--Yellow List----
Marbled Godwit--Yellow List--Early Warning
Ruddy Turnstone------Early Warning
Black Turnstone--Yellow List--Early Warning
Surfbird--Yellow List--Early Warning
Red Knot--Yellow List--Immediate Concern
Sanderling--Yellow List--Early Warning
Semipalmated Sandpiper--Yellow List----
Western Sandpiper--Yellow List----
Rock Sandpiper--Red List--Early Warning
Stilt Sandpiper--Yellow List----
Buff-breasted Sandpiper--Red List----
Short-billed Dowitcher------Early Warning
Wilson's Phalarope------Early Warning
Heermann's Gull--Yellow List--Early Warning
Thayer's Gull--Yellow List----
Western Gull------Early Warning
Caspian Tern----MonitoredHigh Concern
Black Tern----MonitoredEarly Warning
Arctic Tern----MonitoredEarly Warning
Forster's Tern----Monitored--
Elegant Tern--Yellow List----
Common Murre----CandidateEarly Warning
Marbled MurreletThreatenedYellow ListThreatenedImmediate Concern
Ancient Murrelet--Yellow List----
Cassin's Auklet----CandidateEarly Warning
Tufted Puffin----CandidateEarly Warning
Band-tailed Pigeon------High Concern
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
(Western population)
Candidate--Candidate--
Flammulated Owl--Yellow ListCandidateHigh Concern
Snowy Owl----Monitored--
Burrowing Owl----CandidateHigh Concern
Spotted Owl
(Northern subspecies)
ThreatenedRed ListEndangeredImmediate Concern
Great Gray Owl----MonitoredEarly Warning
Short-eared Owl--Yellow List--High Concern
Boreal Owl----Monitored--
Black Swift--Yellow ListMonitoredImmediate Concern
Vaux's Swift----CandidateEarly Warning
White-throated Swift------Early Warning
Black-chinned Hummingbird------Early Warning
Calliope Hummingbird--Yellow List--Early Warning
Rufous Hummingbird------Early Warning
Lewis's Woodpecker--Red ListCandidateHigh Concern
Acorn Woodpecker----Monitored--
Williamson's Sapsucker--Yellow List--Early Warning
Red-naped Sapsucker------Early Warning
Red-breasted Sapsucker------Early Warning
White-headed Woodpecker--Yellow ListCandidateImmediate Concern
American Three-toed Woodpecker----Monitored--
Black-backed Woodpecker----CandidateEarly Warning
Pileated Woodpecker----CandidateEarly Warning
Olive-sided Flycatcher--Yellow List--Immediate Concern
Willow Flycatcher--Yellow List--Early Warning
Hammond's Flycatcher------Early Warning
Gray Flycatcher----Monitored--
Dusky Flycatcher------Early Warning
Pacific-slope Flycatcher------Early Warning
Ash-throated Flycatcher----Monitored--
Loggerhead Shrike----CandidateImmediate Concern
Cassin's Vireo------Early Warning
Horned Lark
(Streaked subspecies)
Candidate--EndangeredImmediate Concern
Purple Martin----CandidateHigh Concern
Boreal Chickadee----Monitored--
White-breasted Nuthatch
(Slender-billed subspecies)
----CandidateEarly Warning
Pygmy Nuthatch----MonitoredEarly Warning
Western Bluebird----MonitoredEarly Warning
Varied Thrush--Yellow List----
Gray Catbird------Early Warning
Sage Thrasher----CandidateHigh Concern
Yellow Warbler------Early Warning
Black-throated Gray Warbler------Early Warning
Hermit Warbler--Yellow List--Early Warning
Northern Waterthrush----Monitored--
MacGillivray's Warbler------Early Warning
Yellow-breasted Chat------Early Warning
Green-tailed Towhee----Monitored--
Chipping Sparrow------Early Warning
Brewer's Sparrow--Yellow List--High Concern
Vesper Sparrow
(Oregon subspecies)
----CandidateImmediate Concern
Sage Sparrow--Yellow ListCandidateHigh Concern
Grasshopper Sparrow----Monitored--
Lazuli Bunting------Early Warning
Bobolink----Monitored--
Rusty Blackbird--Yellow List----
Lesser Goldfinch----Monitored--